Normally, the urine does not contain bacteria. However, in instances where bacteria from outside the body enters the urinary tract, it causes infection and inflammation. This is known as a urinary tract infection (UTI). The infection can involve the urethra, bladder, or even the kidneys.
Urinary tract infections don't always cause signs and symptoms but when they do, they may include:
Urinary tract infections are caused by microorganisms—usually bacteria—that enter the urethra and bladder, causing inflammation and infection. The bacteria also may travel up the ureters and infect the kidneys. Sexually active women are more prone to UTIs than women who are not sexually active. Also, UTIs are common among menopausal women due to their decline in circulating estrogen.
Emily diagnoses urinary tract infections by a urinalysis or urine culture. Antibiotics clear up most UTIs quickly.
Several preventative measures can decrease the likelihood of getting a UTI. These include:
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